Unmanned buses, taxis and heavy trucks will undergo maintenance every six months, unmanned passenger cars - annually. This is provided for by the new version of the draft law "On highly automated vehicles" from the Ministry of Transport. It is necessary, experts say, for the transition from pilot projects to industrial production and the mass use of drones on public roads. The authors supplemented the document with norms that will guarantee the safety of such vehicles for others. We are talking, for example, about the “minimum risk state” - a mode if it cannot continue driving without violating the rules or when it goes beyond the “normal operation environment”. Insurers, in turn, will have access to black boxes — this will become a condition for paying compensation in the event of an accident with a drone.
The revised version of the draft law "On highly automated vehicles" was published by the Ministry of Transport on regulation.gov.ru. Unmanned vehicles, we recall, have already been tested in a number of Russian cities since 2019 with a test engineer controlling the process in the driver's seat. On the streets of Moscow, you can find similar cars from Yandex and SberAvtoTech, and an unmanned taxi runs in Kazan's Innopolis. In 2021, the White House decided that the time had come to allow cars on the roads without human intervention at all as an understudy of automatic systems. Such a step requires the adoption of an appropriate law. Its first version was presented in June last year and supplemented based on the results of public discussion.
The vehicle in this case stops in a "safe position", turns off the control software and turns on the alarm.
The Ministry of Transport also recorded the frequency of the technical inspection. Self-driving buses, taxis and heavy trucks must be inspected every six months, self-driving cars annually. “To carry out maintenance, it will be necessary to develop a list and methods of checks, additional equipment for technical inspection points,” the department explained. Another innovation is the ability to cancel the permission of an unmanned taxi if the taxi makes an accident with injuries or deaths due to “improper functioning of the vehicle” (in automatic control mode).
The press service of Yandex assured Kommersant that they were working on a draft law as part of a working group together with other companies and the regulator. "Some of its provisions are being specified," Yandex said. “We support the initiative to create a unified legal framework for the operation of unmanned vehicles for personal and commercial purposes,” the press service of SberAvtoTech told Kommersant. “This version was developed with the direct participation of the company.”
“The law is needed, because we are talking about the transition from pilot projects to industrial production and the mass use of drones,” says Olga Uskova, CEO of Cognitive Pilot. “There are a lot of legal issues in the field of traffic, legal support for accidents, and insurance. The document presented by the Ministry of Transport is rather crude, it requires additional elaboration.”
Because of the sanctions imposed on the Russian Federation, there is a risk of supplying software and components for drones, believes coordinator of the Blue Buckets movement Petr Shkumatov. “In terms of software and hardware, I don’t see any risks,” says Olga Uskova. “We have been actively engaged in import substitution since 2014, as a result, radars, for example, are produced in Tomsk, cameras are also localized. The code is written by our programmers, the chips are Russian.”